DIBt in Europe

European Commission - Fire Protection

European Commission Decisions regarding the fire performance classification of construction products without further testing

The classification without further testing (CWFT) of building materials whose reaction-to-fire performance is well known and stable and of building components whose resistance-to-fire performance under certain constructive conditions can be considered as established has been a long-standing practice in Germany with DIN 4102-4. Costs for fire testing have thus been reduced considerably.

For harmonised construction products, such a comprehensive list has not yet been established. However, the European Commission agrees that unnecessary fire testing should be avoided wherever possible. As early as in 1996, the European Commission first introduced (with the Decision 96/603/EC) a possibility of classifying  reaction to fire performance without further testing and established a list of products which under certain conditions may be classified in category A1 and A1FL ("no contribution to fire") respectively.

For a number of other building products covered by harmonised European product standards and safely fulfilling the reaction to fire requirements of the relevant class, the European Commission has since decided that they may also be classified without further testing under specific conditions. To qualify for fire performance classification on the basis of a Commission Decision, the construction products in question have to be specified with sufficient precision e.g. in a product standard.

Commission Decisions are available for a number of building products (see list). Manufacturers and users of these products have to pay particular attention to the fact that the simplifications only apply to the products explicitly mentioned and not to the entire scope of application of the respective product standard. Therefore please make sure your product fulfils the applicable conditions and qualifies for classification without further testing (CWFT).

Further requests for classification without further testing are being dealt with at the European Commission. In principle, classification of the resistance to fire performance is also possible.

Completed CWFT processes* (as of February 2015):

2003/43/EG
Commission Decision establishing the classes of reaction-to-fire performance for certain construction products – wood-based and solid wood panels

2003/593/EG
Commission Decision amending decision 2003/43/EC establishing the classes of reaction-to-fire performance of certain construction products – decorative laminate panels, gypsum plasterboards, structural timber products

2005/403/EG
Commission Decision establishing the classes of external fire performance of roofs and roof coverings for certain construction products as provided for by Council Directive 89/106/EEC – plastisol coated steel sheets

2005/610/EG
Commission Decision establishing the classes of reaction-to-fire performance for certain construction products – glued laminated timber products, laminate floor coverings, resilient and textile floor coverings

2006/213/EG
Commission Decision establishing the classes of reaction-to-fire performance for certain construction products as regards wood flooring and solid wood panelling and cladding

2006/600/EG
Commission Decision establishing the classes of external fire performance for certain construction products as regards double skin metal faced sandwich panels for roofs

2006/673/EG
Commission Decision amending Decision 2003/43/EC establishing the classes of reaction-to-fire performance for certain construction products as regards gypsum plasterboards

2007/348/EG
Commission Decision amending Decision 2003/43/EC establishing the classes of reaction-to-fire performance for certain construction products as regards wood-based panels

2010/81/EU
Commission Decision establishing the classes of reaction-to-fire performance for certain construction products as regards adhesives for ceramic tiles

2010/82/EU
Commission Decision establishing the classes of reaction-to-fire performance for certain construction products as regards decorative wallcoverings in roll and panel form

2010/83/EU
Commission Decision establishing the classes of reaction-to-fire performance for certain construction products as regards air drying jointing compounds

2010/85/EU
Commission Decision establishing the classes of reaction-to-fire performance for certain construction products as regards cementitious screeds, calcium sulphate screeds and synthetic resin floor screeds

2010/737/EU
Commission Decision establishing the classes of reaction-to-fire performance for certain construction products as regards steel sheets with polyester coating and with plastisol coating

2010/738/EU
Commission Decision establishing the classes of reaction-to-fire performance for certain construction products as regards fibrous gypsum plaster casts

1291/2014/EU
Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 1291/2014 of 16 July 2014 on the conditions for classification, without testing, of wood-based panels under EN 13986 and solid wood panelling and cladding under EN 14915 with regard to their fire protection ability, when used for wall and ceiling covering

1292/2014/EU
Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 1292/2014 of 17 July 2014 on the conditions for classification, without testing, of certain uncoated wood floorings under EN 14342 with regard to their reaction to fire

1293/2014/EU
Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 1293/2014 of 17 July 2014 on the conditions for classification, without testing, of metal lath and beads for internal plastering covered by the harmonised standard EN 13658-1, metal lath and beads for external rendering covered by the harmonised standard EN 13658-2 and metal beads and feature profiles covered by the harmonised standard EN 14353, with regard to their reaction to fire

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/1227 of 20 March 2017 on the conditions for classification, without testing, of glued laminated timber products covered by the harmonised standard EN 14080 and structural finger jointed solid timber products covered by the harmonised standard EN 15497 with regard to their reaction to fire and amending Decision 2005/610/EC

(Note: The table in the annex of the present Commission Delegated REgulation supersedes table 1 of Commission Decision 2005/610/EC)

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/1228 of 20 March 2017 on the conditions for classification, without testing, of external renders and internal plasters based on organic binders covered by the harmonised standard EN 15824 and rendering and plastering mortars covered by the harmonised standard EN 998-1 with regard to their reaction to fire

Related decisions by the European Commission:

1996/603/EG
Commission Decision establishing the list of products belonging to Classes A ‘No contribution to fire’ provided for in Decision 94/611/EC implementing Article 20 of Council Directive 89/106/EEC on construction products – "Deemed to satisfy" list (consolidated version)

2000/553/EG
Commission Decision implementing Council Directive 89/106/EEC as regards the external fire performance of roof coverings

The European classification systems:

2000/367/EG
Commission Decision implementing Council Directive 89/106/EEC as regards the classification of the resistance to fire performance of construction products, construction works and parts thereof (consolidated version)

2001/671/EG
Commission Decision implementing Council Directive 89/106/EEC as regards the classification of the external fire performance of roofs and roof coverings (consolidated version)

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2016/364 of 1 July 2015 on the classification of the reaction to fire performance of construction products pursuant to Regulation (EU) No 305/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council

 

Versions in other languages are available, see Official Journal of the European Union

 

* CWFT = classification without further testing